Curd, Gallindo & Smith, L.L.P. Attorneys

  • 562.624.1177
  • (local)
  • 800.300.2300
  • (Toll Free)
  • 301 East Ocean Blvd Suite 1700
    Long Beach CA 90802
  • 600 Anton Blvd. 11th Floor
    Costa Mesa, CA 92626

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Civil Rights Newsletters

Children's Internet Protection Act

The Children's Internet Protection Act requires a public library to use "filtering" or "blocking" software on computers that are available to the public. A library that fails to do so would lose certain federal funds.

Coverage of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 was enacted to allow full participation in society by individuals with disabilities. The Rehabilitation Act is a federal law that protects qualified individuals with handicaps from discrimination, based solely on their disability, in any federally funded service, program, or activity, including healthcare and employment.

Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires a school district to evaluate a student's special needs and to provide the student with an individualized education program (IEP) or an independent educational evaluation. Parents are allowed input into the planning and modification of their child's IEP. Parents can bring a lawsuit against a school district for an alleged failure to provide an IEP.

The Use of Drug Detection Dogs

In 2004, the United States Supreme Court surprised some court watchers when it agreed to hear a case involving a question of whether the Fourth Amendment requires reasonable, articulable suspicion to justify the use of a drug detection dog to sniff an automobile during a legitimate traffic stop.

Voter Intimidation

Since the passage of the Voting Rights Act, obvious methods of voter discrimination were replaced by subtler--but arguably more effective--tactics meant to "disenfranchise" minority voters through intimidation. Although historically limited to African-American voters, incidents of voter intimidation are now being reported with greater frequency in Latino communities. Voter intimidation occurs when individual voters or, more likely, a group of voters decide not to vote because they have been threatened or mislead. For example, minority citizens who are eligible to register to vote may be given incorrect information about registration requirements. Voters may be confused or harassed to the point that they do not wish to appear at the polling places.